What Is The 3 Landscape Architecture For IT And ERP Projects ?

It is the fundamental organization of a system, embodied in its elements, their relationships with each other and with the environment, as well as the principles that guide its design and evolution. This system has certain components. Software architecture is a set of critical decisions about the organization of a software system.
What Is The 3 Landscape Architecture For IT And ERP Projects ?


Landscape system architecture

It is the fundamental organization of a system, embodied in its elements, their relationships with each other and with the environment, as well as the principles that guide its design and evolution. This system has certain components. Software architecture is a set of critical decisions about the organization of a software system.

Architecture includes:

  • the choice of structural elements and their interfaces, with the help of which the system is composed, as well as their behavior within the framework of the cooperation of structural elements;
  • connection of selected elements of structure and behavior, into ever larger systems;
  • an architectural style that guides the entire organization—all elements, their interfaces, their collaboration, and their connection.

Now let's consider what is customary to associate with IT Architecture‌ and ERP projects.

Firstly, it is a specially selected set of structural elements organized in certain ways to interact with each other, forming a single software and hardware complex and built to achieve certain business goals.

Secondly, the place of the totality of these elements, as a part, in larger systems, including behavior, points of interaction, etc. That is, the possibility of abstracting the architecture under consideration to a higher level, and, accordingly, the detailing of the architecture into sets of lower-level composite architectures.

Thirdly, the use by all participants of a unified approach for organizing decisions in the production process of information systems.

Architectural systems have a special approach. That is, conventions, principles, and practices for describing an architecture, established for a particular application area and by a particular community of stakeholders.

After all, in the course of designing, developing, developing and upgrading a software system, “a set of decisions about its organization,” architecture requires constant discussion with all stakeholders of the project, including business. Again, it is important that everyone builds the same picture in front of them, including taking into account the current state of the architecture.

The landscape architecture of the system includes a development server, a quality server, and a production server (learn more in our online course: SAP Tips And Tricks for beginners‌).

Development server

A development server is a type of server that is designed to facilitate the development and testing of programs, websites, software or applications for programmers. It provides a runtime environment as well as all the hardware/software utilities that are needed for debugging and developing programs.

The development server is the main layer in the software development environment where software developers directly test the code. It consists of the necessary hardware, software, and other components used to deploy and test the software being developed, including large storage, development platform tools and utilities, network access, and a high performance processor. When testing is complete, the application is moved to either a staging server or a production server.

Looking at the diagram, we see that the development server consists of a presentation layer, an application layer, and a database layer. These levels interact with each other and each level is very important for the system.

The development server communicates and is transported in a two-way direction with server quality.

Server quality

It is a system where the entire server is leased or leased by an organization or individual. For years, industry analysts have believed that the success or failure of a CRM, data warehouse, and ERP implementation‌ depends largely on the quality of an organization's information.

The quality server also consists of a presentation layer, an application layer, and a database layer.

The difference between quality systems and development systems is that the development system is the one that runs your configuration. Once completed there, it is copied (“transferred”) to the quality system, where it is tested before the configuration is moved (transferred) to the production system.

And in turn, after the quality server, it is transferred to the working server.

Production server

This is a type of server that is used to deploy and host live websites or web applications. It hosts websites and web applications that go through extensive development and quality testing before they are validated as production ready.

A production server may also be referred to as a live server.

The production server is the main server where any website or web application is hosted and available to users. It is part of the entire software and application development environment. Typically, the production server environment‌, hardware and software components are exactly the same as the staging server.

Although, while being limited to internal use like the staging server, the production server is open to end user access. The software or application must be tested and debugged on a staging server before being deployed to a production server.

The value of landscape architecture

In conclusion, it can be noted that the main task in managing the architecture for IT and ERP projects is to synchronize all elements of the architecture with each other.

One of the key tasks is the interconnection of the architecture through documentation, improvement and standardization of processes, as well as through the description of the elements of the IT architecture and the architecture of ERP projects at the logical level, in conjunction with the processes. At the same time, the concentration in the management of the architecture's landscape‌ should occur only on key elements, which will allow you to get the maximum result with minimal resources.

Goals, indicators, processes, projects, organizational structure, applications - this is the necessary minimum that will allow you to start introducing architectural approaches into the system's activities.

This approach will save a lot of resources, while getting a significant result for the business. In terms of IT architecture and ERP projects, having a picture of the current situation and developing a model of the target architecture, you can create a program for unifying and standardizing IT and ERP solutions‌ in the company, which will reduce costs in a short period of time.

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